Lesson 25 How to open your conversation with “Based on …”, “According to …” kind of patterns in Chinese
Posted by Grace Feng on September 5, 2012
If you’ve followed our Learn Chinese online lesson series to this far, I believe you’ve known how to express your thoughts in a variety of ways in Chinese. Whether you are fluent in expressing them still depends on how large vocabulary you’ve grasped and how well you’ve progressed on your pronunciation. In my opinion, there’s no shorter path than practicing your language as much as you can.
The goal of this series of lessons is to help you build sentence patterns in your mind the “Chinese” way. With each sentence pattern you learned, you’re recommended to practice it with whatever you want to express. Try to simulate a conversation if you can’t find a real chance to chat in Chinese.
Keep your good work up, folks! OK, let’s get back on our topic today…
“Beased on,”, “According to… “ … “As you know …” – these kind of phrases are all quite often to be used to start a converation, presentation, or a report, so on so force. We get into that today to learn how to start your conversation with these patterns.
Before anything else, let’s check out our new words first. Please use the estroke tool under the table to practice your writing if needed:
|[hanzi]基于[/hanzi] (based on)||[hanzi]根据[/hanzi] (according to)||[hanzi]需要[/hanzi] (needs)|
|[hanzi]正如[/hanzi] (just like)||[hanzi]所[/hanzi] (actually)||[hanzi]据说[/hanzi] (it is said that)|
|[hanzi]目前[/hanzi] (current)||[hanzi]状况[/hanzi] (situation)||[hanzi]容易[/hanzi] (easy)|
Basically the following five phrases would fit your needs if you want to start your conversation from certain facts or known information. Let’s have a quick look at the Chinese translation of these phrases first:
“Based on …” -> 基于 jī yú…
“According to …” -> 根据 gēn jù …
“As we all know …” -> 我们都知道 wǒmen dōu zhīdào …
“As you know …” -> 正如你所知 zhèngrú nǐ suǒzhī …
“It is said that …” -> 据说 jù shuō …
Then I’ll show you how to use them in the following examples. All of these five phrases can be used both in written and oral Chinese.
jīyú mùqián de zhuàngkuàng, huódòng bèi qǔxiāo le.
Based on the current situation, the event has to be cancelled.
gēnjù nǐ suǒ shuō de, zhè běn shū bù shìhé wǒmen de xūyào.
According to what you said, this book doesn’t fit our needs.
wǒmen dōu zhīdào, xuéxí Zhōngwén bùshì yī jiàn róngyì de shì.
As we all know, learning Chinese is not an easy job.
zhèngrú nǐ suǒzhī, wǒ shì gè yǒuhǎo de rén.
As you know, I’m a friendly guy.
jùshuō jīntiān huì xiàyǔ.
It is said that it’s going to rain today.
Are you clear now? If so, please go ahead to reuse them in your conversation. Practice the patterns with words that you know to yourself or to your chat partner if you have one. The more you repeat them, the faster they’ll come to your mind next time you need them.
Feel free to practice your sentence in the comment area … and wish you a good start in your Chinese learning in September!
Category: JLC Chinese grammar lessons
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