Posted by Grace Feng on June 25, 2012
Some Chinese sentence patterns are straightforward translation of the equivalent counterpart in English. There are not many variations for this kind of translation. Once you learned it once, you can use it in any context.
Today we’ll learn one sentence pattern of this kind in this Learn Chinese online lesson. Before we get into the core content, let’s have a quick review of the new words that you need to know first. Please use the estroke tool under the new word table to practice your writing if necessary:
|jǐn guǎn||réng rán||hái shi|
|[hanzi]尽管[/hanzi] (although)||[hanzi]仍然[/hanzi] (still)||[hanzi]还是[/hanzi] (still)|
|[hanzi]不会[/hanzi] (won’t)||[hanzi]买[/hanzi] (buy)||[hanzi]暴风雨[/hanzi] (storm)|
|yǐ jīng||shī bài||cì|
|[hanzi]已经[/hanzi] (already)||[hanzi]失败[/hanzi] (fail)||[hanzi]次[/hanzi] (times)|
|kē xué jiā||jiān chí||shí yàn|
|[hanzi]科学家[/hanzi] (scientist)||[hanzi]坚持[/hanzi] (insist)||[hanzi]实验[/hanzi] (experiment)|
|zhēn shí||gǎn jué||gào su|
|[hanzi]真实[/hanzi] (real, true)||[hanzi]感觉[/hanzi] (feelings)||[hanzi]告诉[/hanzi] (tell)|
Done? OK, let’s move on. The following example sentence is a typical “although” pattern in English:
“Although she like the book, she won’t buy it.”
To translate it into Chinese, the first thing that we need to find out is the equivalent Chinese word for keyword “although”. Luckily there is a word with exactly the same meaning in Chinese:
Normally, “尽管” will be working with “仍然 réng rán” or “还是 hái shi” to form the complete although pattern sentence. “仍然” or “还是” means “still” when they are used individually. This is a big difference between English and Chinese. In English, you usually don’t need any other words to help “although” to express the twist. But in Chinese, you usually do need another word to help “尽管” to complete the twist. “尽管” can also be used together with “也 yě” in this kind of sentence. However, sometimes, “尽管” can also be used on its own.
Now let’s translate the example sentence into Chinese using the word combinations we just mentioned above:
jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā háishi bùhuì mǎi de.
jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā réngrán bùhuì mǎi de.
Or simply take “还是” or “仍然” out. In this sentence, it still works!
jǐnguǎn tā xǐhuan zhè běn shū, tā bùhuì mǎi.
Please pay attention to which position “还是” and “仍然” was placed in the sentence. It has to be before verb and after “who”:
她 + 还是 + 不会买的
Let’s practice a bit more:
jǐnguǎn míngtiān yǒu bàofēngyǔ, bàba háishi yào qù shàngbān.
Although it’s going to have storm tomorrow, Dad will still go to work.
jǐnguǎn yǐjīng shībài le hěn duōcì, kēxuéjiā réngrán zài jiānchí zuò shíyàn.
Although he has failed for so many times, the scientist still persists on doing his tests.
jǐnguǎn tā ài tā, tā háishi méiyǒu bǎ zìjǐ de zhēnshí gǎnjué gàosu tā.
Although he loves her, he just can’t tell her his true feelings.
Is it clear to you now? If you have any doubts, feel free to leave your questions in the comment area.
Good night, my friends!
Category: JLC Chinese grammar lessons
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