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Lesson 16 The usage of Chinese character “就”

Posted by Grace Feng on March 1, 2012

Chinese character “就”To kickstart today’s lesson, I’d suggest you to do a character search on a random Chinese article that you can pull out from the Internet. Just search for Chinese character 就(jiù) in the article. I bet you’ll be able to find it, not once, possibly a lot.

No doubt this is a high frequency character. You might be able to translate it as “will” in one place, but under other circumstances, it is combined with other characters to render various meanings. For that reason, it’s worthwhile to have a whole lesson just for it.

First of all, a few new words to go through first. As usually, please use estroke tooll below the table to learn how to write those words out:

kāi shǐ kǎo shì xià yǔ 
开始 (start)
考试 (exam)  下雨 (rain)
[mp3j track=”L16-kai-shi.mp3″] [mp3j track=”L16-kao-shi.mp3″] [mp3j track=”L16-xia-yu.mp3″]
qǔxiāo
 取消 (cancel)
[mp3j track=”L16-qu-xiao.mp3″]
  • You can copy and paste a few characters together into the box. They’ll show in the animation window one by one.
  • Once the stroke animation stops, click in the animation window and hit ENTER to replay it.
  • You can use the sliding bar to control writing speed of the animation.

See if I can put its usages all together into one list:

  • … will …    =>    … 就jiù(会huì, 要yào) + verb …
  • … is …    =>   … 就是jiùshì… (emphasis on “is”)
  • Once … then …    =>    … 就jiù + verb …
  • right “where” …   or   right “when” …   =>   就在jiù zài

The easiest way to learn them is through examples. That gonna make our life easier… :-)

 

… will …    =>    … 就(会, 要) + verb …

rúguǒ míngtiān xiàyǔ, yīnyuèhuì jiù huì qǔxiāo.

如果明天下雨, 音乐会就会取消.

If it rains tomorrow, the concert will be canceled.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

 

… is …    =>   … 就是… (emphasis on “is”)

tā jiùshì xiǎo lǐ de mèimei.

她就是小李的妹妹.

She IS Xiao Li’s sister. (confirmed)

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

 

Once … then …    =>    … 就 + verb …

wǒ dàoliǎo nàr, yīnyuèhuì jiù kāishǐ le.

我到了那儿, 音乐会就开始了.

Once I arrived, the concert started.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

 

… right “where” …   =>   就在

tā de jiā jiù zài zhèr.

他的家就在这.

His home is right here.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

 

… right “when” …   =>   就在

tā de kǎoshì jiù zài zǎoshang.

他的考试就在早上.

His test was right in the morning.

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

 

就”can also appear in compound words to form different meanings other than above.

Hope today’s lesson would help you to learn how to use this high frequency character in your own spoken or written Chinese.

Good night, my friends!

 

Related posts:

Lesson 8 How to use adjectives in Chinese (1)
Lesson 10 How to understand and use Chinese sentence pattern “...把...”
Lesson 25 How to open your conversation with “Based on ...”, “According to ...” kind of patterns in ...

 

Category: JLC Chinese grammar lessons

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