Posted by Grace Feng on August 30, 2012
Big and small, 大 dà and 小 xiǎo, are two of the simplest Chinese characters you’ve ever learned. Do you think you understand all of their occurrences? On this Learn Mandarin online blog, I will try to lead you go deeper into Chinese language through simple characters like these. I’ve done it once with another two high frequency Chinese characters 上 and 下.
First of all, let’s look at a few phrases that you might often come across on Chinese news media :
大方向 dà fāngxiàng (big vision)
大局 dàjú (the benefit of the majority )
You also could use the following words on a daily basis :
大家 dàjiā (we all, or you all)
大众 dàzhòng (general taste )
大体上 dàtǐshàng (overall )
Then some small phrases:
小家子气 xiǎojiāziqì (small-minded)
小人 xiǎorén (petty person)
You may also encounter the Chinese idioms with both characters in the following list.
大事化小 dàshì huà xiǎo (reduce major issues to minor ones)
以小见大 yǐ xiǎo jiàn dà (to get the big picture from small details)
大大小小 dàdàxiǎoxiǎo (big and small)
小巫见大巫 xiǎowūjiàndàwū (a giant in the presence of a super-giant; appear insignificant when compared with)
I’ll show you how to use the above idioms in the following examples:
lǐngdǎo duì zhè jiàn shì de chǔlǐ yìjiàn shì dàshì huà xiǎo。
Our boss’s opinion towards this is to reduce major issues into minor issues.
wǒmen yīnggāi xuéhuì yòngyǐ xiǎo jiàn dà de fāngfǎ qù fēnxī shìchǎng de zǒuxiàng。
We should learn to use the method of drawing big picture out of small facts in analyzing the trend of the market.
měi dào Zhōngqiūjié diàn lǐ jiù huì bǎimǎn dà dàxiǎo xiǎode yuèbǐng。
Every Moon Festival, there will be full of moon cakes displayed in the store, big or small.
nǐ shì yī gè hěn bàng de wǎngqiú shǒu， kě gēn nǐmen jiàoliàn yīduì dǎ jiù hǎoxiàngxiǎowūjiàndàwū。
You are a very good tennis player. But comparing to your coach, you still have a long way to go.
Do you know any interesting Chinese words with both 大 and 小 in it? Feel free to share, thanks!
Category: Chinese vocabulary
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